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Thursday, August 29, 2013

PRAMBANAN TEMPLE





                                                                                                                                                      Prambanan temple : the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia, which was built in the 9th century AD. This temple is dedicated to Trimurti, the three main Hindu gods are Brahma the creator god, Vishnu as the preserver god, and Shiva the god of destruction. Based on the inscription Siwagrha original name of this temple is Siwagrha (Sanskrit means 'house of Shiva'), and indeed in garbagriha (main room) this temple statue of Shiva Mahadeva dwells as high as three meters which showed that Lord Shiva in this temple are preferred.

The temple is situated in the village of Prambanan, Java island, about 20 kilometers east of Yogyakarta, 40 kilometers west of Surakarta and 120 kilometers south of Semarang, just on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta. Jonggrang Rara Candi Prambanan is located in the village whose territory is divided between the districts of Sleman and Klaten.

This temple is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. Architecture of this building height and slender shaped in accordance with Hindu architecture in general, with the temple of Shiva as the main temple has a height reaching 47 meters in the center of the complex cluster of towering temples smaller. As one of the grandest temples in Southeast Asia, Prambanan temple is the main attraction of tourists from all over the world.

According Siwagrha inscriptions, this temple was built around the year 850 BC by King Rakai Pikatan, and continue to be developed and expanded by Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Mataram kingdom Medang.
                                                                                                                                                                               Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple and the grandest ever built in ancient Javanese kingdom of Hindu temple construction was started by Rakai Pikatan as a rival Buddhist temple Borobudur and Sewu temples are also located not far from Prambanan .
Some historians have long suspected that the construction of the great Hindu temple to mark the return to power of Java Sanjaya family , it is related to the theory of twin dynasty different competing beliefs ; namely Sanjaya dynasty Hindu and Buddhist Sailendra dynasty . Surely , with the construction of this temple marks that Hinduism Saiwa back the support of the royal family , having previously Sailendra dynasty tend to be more supportive Mahayana Buddhism . It is marked that the kingdom Medang switch focus their religious support , from Mahayana Buddhism to the cult of Shiva .The building was first built around 850 AD by Rakai Pikatan and sustainably enhanced and expanded by King Lokapala and Balitung king Maha Sambu.                                                                                                                                                            Based Siwagrha inscription dates to the year 856 AD , this shrine was built to honor the god Shiva , and the building's original name in Sanskrit is Siwagrha ( Sanskrit : Shiva - grha which means : 'House of Shiva ' ) or Siwalaya ( Sanskrit : Shiva - laya is means : ' The realm of Shiva ' or ' Natural Shiva ' ) . In this inscription mentioned that during the construction of the temple Siwagrha ongoing , carried out public works also change the water system to move the river near the temple . The river in question is the Opaque river that flows from north to south along the western side of the temple complex of Prambanan . Historians suspect that the original flow of the river curved turn eastward , and is considered too close to the temple so that the river can be dangerous erosion of the temple construction . Waterworks project is done by creating a new river that cuts sodetan curved river with the north - south axis along the west wall outside the temple complex . Used original stream then backfilled to provide land for the construction of wider row ancillary temple ( temple guardian or accompanying temple ) .Some archaeologists believe that the Shiva statue in garbhagriha ( main room ) in the temple of Shiva as the main temple is a statue of the king Balitung embodiment , the memory of the death of his statue .This building complex regularly continue to be refined by the kings of Mataram Medang next , like a king Daksha and Tulodong , and expanded by constructing additional hundreds of temples around the main temple . Because of the grandeur of this temple , Prambanan temple serves as the great kingdom of Mataram , where a main important royal ceremonies . At the height of its glory , historians suspect that hundreds of Brahmin priest and his students gathered outside the court and inhabit this temple to study the Vedas and perform various Hindu rituals and ceremonies . While the center of the kingdom of Mataram kingdom or palace is thought to lie somewhere near Prambanan in Plain Kewu.                                                                                                                                                                        
The beauty of Prambanan closer look truly amazing for anyone's eyes, Interested to see directly from the Prambanan near Yogyakarta city please come to Indonesia. It is indeed a miracle that in those days many people do not know the technology but can make such a beautiful work of art.                                                               

HISTORY OF SHIPS PINISI

                                                                                                                                                            Boat Pinisi : traditional sailing ship is a native of Indonesia , precisely derived from Bugis from Sulawesi city of Makassar in the south of the village of Bira district precisely Bonto Bulukumba Bahari . Pinisi actually a screen name . These ships generally have two main masts and seven screens , three on the front end , two in front and two behind ; generally used for the transport of goods between islands . The two main masts by 2 Shahada and seven different pieces of the screen is the number of surah Al - Fatihah . Pinisi is a ship that uses a type of display screen schooner with two poles with seven strands of the screen and also has a meaning that the ancestors of the Indonesian nation capable mengharungi seven great oceans of the world. Pinisi timber ship has been used in Indonesia since a few centuries ago , is expected to ship phinisi existed before the 1500s . The legend says that in the 14th century , first made by Pinisi Sawerigading , Crown Royal Luwu to sail to China had wanted to woo Princess of China ( Chinna ) who named We Cuday.                                     
Sawerigading successfully to the country of China and married Princess Cudai . After a long stay in the country of China , Sawerigading back to country pages using Pinisinya to Luwu . Towards the entrance waters Luwu big wave hit the ship and Pinisi split three stranded in the village of Ara , Tanah Lemo and Bira . Three village communities are then assemble fragments of the ship into the boat which was later renamed Pinisi . Ara man is the maker of the hull , in the Land of the ship Lemo assembled and the Bira who designed the ship into the screen Pinisi and seventh born of thinking people Bira .

That said , Pinisi name is taken from the name of someone skilled boat builders who named Pinisi itself. Once when he sailed past the coast of Bira . He saw a series of ships around the ocean there , he was later reprimanded one of the ship captains who used the screen that still need to be improved . Since then the people Bira thinking and designing screens and finally shaped in such a way that Pinisi screen like this . Hence the warning on the screen giving the Bira people with the name Pinisi .

Until now shipbuilding / boat Pinisi still do because of the existence of phinisi ship is still a need to serve the needs of the people who spread to scluded - specific parts of the waters of Indonesia islands not reached them operate government projects independently by the local community . It's just that now ships phinisi many are using the engine / motors as propulsion , thus the history of the origin of the vessel in the waters phinisi Indonsia , Although even the Indonesian government began using ships with the latest technology , but still develop screen Pinisi ship to sail the ocean until to other countries .

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

HISTORY OF THE BIRTH OF JAKARTA


                                     
Jakarta : originated from a small port at the mouth of the Ciliwung River about 500 years ago. For centuries this port city later developed into a bustling center of international trade. Initial knowledge about Jakarta raised slightly through the various inscriptions found in the area of ​​the airport. Description of the city until the arrival of the early European explorers could say very little.
 
European authors report the 16th century mentions a city called Kalapa, which seems to be the main airport / city center for a Hindu kingdom called Sunda, Padjadjaran its capital, located about 40 kilometers inland, close to the town of Bogor now. The Portuguese is the biggest party of the first Europeans to come to the airport Kalapa. The city was then attacked by a youth leader, named Fatahillah, from a neighboring kingdom with Kalapa. Fatahillah to rename Sunda Kalapa Jayakarta on June 22, 1527. This date is now celebrated as the birth of the city. The Dutch came in the late 16th century and then master the Jayakarta.
Jayakarta name was changed to Batavia. Batavia natural state swampy similar to the Netherlands, their homeland. They also build canals to protect from the threat of flooding Batavia. City government activities centered around the field, located about 500 meters from the city. They built elegant town hall, which is the position of the center of the city government of Batavia. Batavia city eventually developed to the south. Rapid growth resulted in rapid deterioration state of the environment, thus forcing the Dutch authorities to move the center of government activity higher lying areas. This region is called Weltevreden. In the spirit of Indonesian nationalism proclaimed by students at Batavia in the early 20th century.
A historic decision in 1928 that initiated the Youth Pledge contains three point statement, which landed one water, one nation, and uphold the unity language: Indonesia. During the Japanese occupation (1942-1945), the name changed again to Jakarta Batavia. On August 17, 1945 Ir. Sukarno read the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia in Jakarta, and the flag was hoisted for the first time. 
                          
Indonesia's sovereignty was officially recognized in 1949. At that time Indonesia was also a member of the United Nations (UN). In 1966, the official name of Jakarta to obtain the capital of Indonesia. This encourages the development pace of government office buildings and embassies of friendly countries. Rapid development requires a master plan to manage the growth of the city. Since 1966, Jakarta is growing steadily into a modern metropolis. Cultural richness of the dynamic growth following a significant contribution to Jakarta became one of the leading metropolis in the 21st century.

     
* 14th century as a port named Sunda Kelapa Kingdom of Padjadjaran.
     
* June 22, 1527 by Fatahilah, changed its name to Jayakarta (the date set
        
Jakarta as the anniversary of the city while No. DPR decision. 6/D/K/1956).
     
* March 4, 1621 by the Dutch government for the first time form a town called Stad
        
Batavia.
     
* 1 April 1905 changed its name to 'Gemeente Batavia'.
     
* January 8, 1935 changed its name to Batavia Stad Gemeente.
     
* August 8, 1942 by Japanese renamed Jakarta Betsu Stores Shi.
     
* September 1945 the city government named the National Government of Jakarta.
     
* February 20, 1950 in Government time. Federal Pre renamed Stad
        
Gemeente Batavia.
     
* March 24, 1950 was changed to City Praj'a Jakarta.
     
* January 18, 1958 in Jakarta as the position is called the autonomous Regional Municipalities
        
Djakarta Raya.
     
* In 1961 with the PP. 2 in connection with Act No. 1961. 2 PNPS 1961 the Government established
        
Special Capital Region of Jakarta Raya.
     
* August 31, 1964 by Act no. 10 1964 is declared Special Capital Region
        
Raya Jakarta remained as the capital of the Republic of Indonesia as Jakarta.
     
* Tahun1999, melalaui uu No. 34 of 1999 on the provincial government's special area
        
the capital of the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta, the name changed to local governments
        
dki Jakarta provincial government, the provincial level otoniminya remain and
        
not on wilyah city, besides dki Jakarta area is divided into 5 regions
        
municipalities and the county administrative thousand islands

TUGU PANCORAN / JEWEL MONUMENT


Tugu Pancoran: Jakarta Community are generally more familiar with this sculpture as Tugu Pancoran

,In terms of the actual name of this sculpture is a sculpture Dirgantara.Arsitek is Bp.Edhi Sunarso and his sculpture work done by the community of Yogyakarta Arca makers who also chaired by Mr Edhi Sunarso itself. Mr Edhi Sunarso also making sculpture that mengarsiteki Welcome to the Hotel Indonesia, West Irian Liberation statue in Banteng, historical diorama at the National Monument and Museum Pancasila Sakti Lubang Buaya and others.                                                                                                                                                
This sculpture is made on the idea of ​​Jewel's first president Sukarno of Indonesia who want to made a statue as a symbol of Indonesian aviation or aerospace. Hence the name of his early sculptures is the Statue of Aerospace. But because of its location in the Jewel, Jakarta people prefer to call it as the Statue of Tugu Pancoran.Human statues depict aerospace Space that shows spirit and courage of Indonesia to explore space. Hence also the statue is placed in the roundabout Jl. General Gatot Subroto opposite Wisma Aerospace Aldiron the former headquarters of the Indonesian National Army (Air Force).                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                 In the beginning of manufacture, Bung Karno himself who became his model.Before mockups sculpture done by Mr Edhi Sunarso it, Bung Karno repeatedly demonstrate how to model his statue should stand. Space man mentioned in the report named Billy Glass Mental Bentolo. Gatot Kaca this track and flew off towards Tebet. Her process of supervised directly by Bung Karno. The statue is made from bronze metal has an overall weight of 11 tons and 11 meters high, but high Voetstuk (foot statue) is 27 meters.
The cost of making this sculpture is approximately 12 million dollars (In 1964). The initial cost is borne by Mr. Edhi Sunarso, the sculptor. The government only pays 5m that time. Bung Karno had to sell the car for $ 1m to add to his personal shortcomings. This is the last monument that was never formalized by the Bung Karno because he was already ill and died.Thus the history of making sculpture / monument Aerospace or better known as the Jewel monument is hopefully much help thank you.

Monday, August 26, 2013

UNIQUENESS TRIBE BAJO INDONESIA

                                                                                                                                                              Bajo maybe you've heard though dimly, Bajau tribe is one that is unique in Indonesia. The tribal community is not only dependent on marine resources, but also almost entirely live in the sea. They generally build a house on top of a shallow sea, not on the beach. Some say that the ancestors of the Bajo Bajo bequeath to all people to live in the sea, so it is rarely the Bajo build a house on land / beach area.Bajo tribe villages of the largest populations are in Wangiwangi Island, Wakatobi district, estimated at about 20,000 people. Bajo spread in coastal areas of Sulawesi and Kalimantan, and the small islands in the central and eastern Indonesia. Bajo community's main livelihood is fishing or as a fisherman. In addition they are also very skilled in making boats / canoes and wooden boats. Bajo Muslim majority.                                                       

Observations at the Wakatobi Bajo village showed that most homes are no longer physically located directly on the water. The possibility that the lower house had water began backfilled with sand and coral rubble. Intake of these rocks are sometimes considered to be a problem, because it was feared would damage breeding habitat and reef fish and other marine life.
Initially believed that the Bajo tribe lived entirely on a boat that was given walls and roofs of sago palm leaves (a type of palm tree), called 'palema'. These boats are not motorized, so to move only rely on human power with oars tool. Clarity of its origin a topic of debate to this day. Some say that they are from the South China Sea, the Philippines, or a derivative Sameng parts of the Malay Peninsula. As a nomadic tribe in the sea, most likely not leave artifacts or physical evidence, so that its origin is still debated speculative. In development now Bajo society at large has lived in several locations, by building houses on stilts in the shallow sea.

                                                                                                                                                        
Wakatobi is a new district carved out of Buton. Captured by Wakatobi district name stands for the name of the four major islands that exist in this region, the island of Wangi-scented, Kaledupa, Tomia Island, and the last and the farthest is Binongko Island.District which is one of the districts in the criteria Remote areas, border and island's capital in Wanci who are in the first island, island of Wangi-scented, which is the largest and most crowded of the four major islands in the region.
Wakatobi has a world 'other' that is so uniquely attractive for tourists fans of underwater landscapes. The world is a paradise for fans of diving or snorkelling, or perhaps even for those who can not swim though. How could I not? Seas that dominate these islands are so clear and beautiful display spots are quite shallow at some point. Showing the beauty of marine life, his charm is very fascinating for anyone who ever came to Wakatobi which even without us needing to get wet enough to dive perched just below the panoramic view of the sea from a boat or boat.
Wakatobi is one of the tourism destinations under the sea that is going global with the beauty of the underwater panorama suck many tourists from all over the world come to Wakatobi, Interested to see the uniqueness of tribal life please come to Wakatobi Bajo you can embark on a journey from the city of Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Province Indonesia

Friday, August 23, 2013

CRAFTSMAN OR MAKER GONG



On the Road Pancasan No 17, not far from the city center of Bogor, the oldest standing gong factory and could be the only one in West Java. It is rather difficult to distinguish this plant with the houses on the edge of the huddle Pancasan Road and solid on the banks of the hustle and bustle of the City of Rain. The gong factory is about 2 kilometers from Bogor Botanical Garden Botanical Garden adjacent to the Bogor Zoological Museum.





"Gong Factory", written in clear red yellow wall that has almost faded. Yes, much of the gong factory is named Gong Factory popular but people know him as Gonghom Bogor. Under the writings of greenery lined indicating there is still life in the building.
The old old mill run by Haji Sukarna with the help of his son Krishna. This place standing with a myriad of beautiful works of cultural modernization amid the crush of modern capitalism which also can be easily uprooted roots tradition.Gonghom forge tin boom boom for mixed copper, down time since nearly 300 years ago. This is where the skill of creating gong for 6 generations passed down from father to son and never change lanes descent, as well as its location.

Pancasan road itself is so dense suitable for vehicles that come and go leaving the city of Bogor. Gong factory parking lot is only enough for two cars. That too must be worn hanging kenyi, namely mold clay to create a gong, bonang, and saron, the types of percussion from a set of gamelan.
Unpainted wooden door swung open, allowing the sound boom from the raging out of space. Bursts appear and spotting flames soared in the dark without lights. When it's too hot to burst, making a dress feels too thick.
Workers gathered inside holding a sledge hammer, forge a large circle turns red white, then later removed from the coverage of the fire burning. Not even a piece of clothing worn these craftsmen due to the heat of the room. Iron circle was again put in a furnace temperature of 400 degrees Celsius.
One day, two large gong can be generated. Start of mixing tin and copper as basic materials, then print it with the help of a clay mold, forge, until cleared from the oxidation of blackened crust. That is, to solve a set of ready-made complete with gamelan gong holder, bonang, and saron who carved it needs a full month to work every day.



    
To generate a set of gamelan need more than just dedication. The gong artisans show how their skills ingrained derived from father to son. There are traditions and burst with pride pounding iron and spotting flames in the darkness of the room factories.
At the end of the room an old look to pound the rock hard black. Black rock called Karawa it comes from the first mold clay that has been burned by high temperatures. The resulting ground powder can be re-used to make molds. Beside him, undisturbed by noise or people passing by, a gong penyerut filing with shavings.
Dark black forged a new gong then planed surface until golden color appears behind the blackened crust. Sparkling gold granules accumulate in between her toes clamped one hand gong. He rarely looked up, because it should be able to finish day two gongs. The tool is very simple, although now has aided smoothing machine. In fact, shavings are tools that are older than two hundred and fifty years and is used in this place.In the other building, the base table gamelan makers are busy foot pole lathe and also forms a gong pillar. In the window that the sun emits, a sculptor carving work with wood hammer, bend to follow the pattern of images carved mahogany scratch above. Young colleagues, polish it carefully, so that the wood look more beautiful without losing the curve when colored engraving.                                                                        

    
Workers at the plant this gong is a combination of a craftsman as well as an artist. All the work of the breath, the rhythm, and harmony played wonderful attractions such as the gamelan sound melodious and full of value.
Because here's the gong artisans dedication Sundanese and Indonesian society still have and get to know one of its cultural wealth. If only there were some places making gong like this then maybe we are not so concerned about the threat of the loss of Indonesia's cultural gems.                                                                                                   

However, this may be just one place, so it is necessary to whoever would help maintain and preserve their work like a baby. No doubt, this is one of the so-called emerald surviving cultural heritage of Indonesia, a living heritage.

BEAUTY SONGKET PALEMBANG

                                                                                                                                                           Songket is a traditional type of fabric woven from the city of Songket Palembang but there are also other cities in clumps like Riau Malay, Malaysia, Brunei. Songket woven brocade classified in the family. Songket woven by hand with gold and silver thread and is generally worn on formal occasions. Metallic yarn metallic background tertenun brilliant sheen effect fabric.The word comes from the term songket sungkit in Malay and Indonesian, which means "hook" or "gouging". This relates to the method of manufacture; associate and take a pinch of woven cloth, and then slipped the thread emas.Selain it, according to some, the word songket also probably comes from Songka, typical skull cap Palembang is believed the first time habit started weaving with gold thread. menyongket term meaning 'to weave the threads of gold and silver'.
                                                                                                                                                        Songket is a luxurious woven fabric that is usually worn during festivity, celebration or party. Songket can be worn wrapped around the body like a glove, draped across the shoulder, or as a headband or grade ability, ornate headband. Tanjak is a kind of hat headdress made of songket fabrics that are commonly used by the sultans and princes and nobles Sultanate Melayu.Menurut tradition, songket only be woven by virgins or adolescent girls: but now men also helped weave the fabric songket.Beberapa traditional Songket Sumatra has a pattern which implies certain.Songket must go through eight rank before becoming a piece of cloth and still traditionally woven. Because weavers are usually of the village, it is not surprising that his motives were patterned with local plants and animals. This motif is also often named after the Malay traditional cakes like serikaya, diamonds, and flour Salver, which is believed to be the king's confectionary indulgence.Songket weaving is historically associated with settlements and Malay culture, and according to some people this technique was introduced by Indian traders or folk tale Arab.Menurut Palembang songket is the origin of the ancient trade between China and India. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Chinese provide silk yarn while India accounted for the threads of gold and silver, then, be songket. Songket cloth woven on the loom frame Malay. Intricate patterns created by introducing the threads of gold or silver extras with the use of a flat needle. It is not known with certainty from whence comes songket, according to the tradition of weaving techniques such as Kelantan is coming from the north, the region of Cambodia and Siam, which later evolved to the south in Pattani and Kelantan and Terengganu eventually reach around the 1500's. Home-based small industries of weaving songket still survive on the outskirts of Kota Bahru and Terengganu.Akan but according to Terengganu weavers precisely Indialah traders who introduced this technique of weaving first time in Palembang and Jambi, which may have been enacted since the time of Srivijaya (7th century up to -11).According to Indonesia's own tradition, songket is associated with nan golden glories of the kingdom of Srivijaya, a maritime commercial empire nan rich prosperous again which blossomed in the 7th century until the 13th of Sumatra. This is due to the fact that most mahsyur songket craft center is the city of Palembang in Indonesia. Songket is a luxurious fabric that originally require some real gold to be gold thread, then hand woven into a beautiful fabric. Historically gold mine in Sumatra and Jambi is located in the interior highlands of Minangkabau. Although gold thread was found in the ruins of the site of Srivijaya in Sumatra, along with rubies uncut, as well as pieces of gold plate, until now there has been no definitive proof that the local weavers have used gold thread as early as the year 600's to 700's masehi.Songket may be developed at a later period in Sumatra. Songket Palembang songket is the best in Indonesia, both measured in terms of quality, which is nicknamed the "Queen of All Fabrics". Exclusive songket require between one and three months to complete, while the ordinary songket only takes about 3 days.  
                                                                                                                                                                    At first the men using songket as a headband, or a grade ability headband. Then it started Malay women wear the baju kurung songket sarong.Documentation regarding the origin of songket is not so clear, the possibility of achieving songket Malay Peninsula through marriage or alliance between Malay royalty, songket valuable because often times used as a dowry or delivery within a marriage. Such a practice is commonly done by the Malay countries to tie strategic alliance. Songket craft center located in politically significant kingdoms because of the expensive materials of manufacture; gold thread actually is made from sheets of solid gold original.

TYPICAL INDONESIAN WAYANG KULIT CRAFTSMEN



                                                   Craftsmen were carved / leather natah
                                                                                                                   

ART is SURYO craft sellers Javanese Wayang Kulit of Indonesia, here you can Puppet Book, where you can message Wayang Kulit in accordance with your wishes. Puppet Craft as a seller located in Surakarta / Solo Central Java Indonesia, we have to ship to some areas of Indonesia and foreign countries like Jakarta, Bandung, Lampung, Palembang, Medan, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Blitar, Samarinda, Pontianak, Bali , Makassar, Japan, Malaysia. How to buy Indonesian shadow puppets? You live messages by phone / sms / email to us and we will ship it to your place.



                                              Photo Crafts shadow puppets of various figures
                                                                                                               

SURYO ART is a collection of a few craftsmen and as the wayang kulit shadow puppet making in the city Surakarta / solo. We make a variety of puppet characters such as puppet prototype; Puntadewa, Arjuna, bima, punakawan, Pandavas, prabu kresno, Kaurava, ampyak puppet, puppet srambahan, wayang prabu, revolution puppets, puppets and shadow puppets other torches.
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Serving wholesale purchase souvenirs Indonesian wayang. If you have difficulty looking like shadow puppets; collection of wayang kulit, shadow puppets ancient, antique,Classic puppets, puppet alusan special, themed puppets and collectibles, this is the place. ART SURYO online stores cater shadow puppet craft sales and other Javanese ethnic handicrafts.
                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                To have a collection of other artistic crafts SURYO ART gallery visit or call: 08122645521/085642444004, or email: gussursuryo@yahoo.com
And to see the collection, sizes and prices click here: Wall decoration painting our other shadow puppets!